Antioxidants enable the neutralization of free radicals that arise on the skin during metabolic processes, smoking, stress and solar radiation. If there is an excess of free radicals, oxidative stress occurs, which significantly increases the risk of illness and leads to premature skin aging. Exogenous antioxidants: vitamins, carotenoids, enzymes, flavonoids, etc. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals and thus protect the body from damage.
What are antioxidants in?
In particular, plant-based foods such as fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and high-quality vegetable oils and nuts are incredibly rich in antioxidants.
• Beta-carotene is an antioxidant that your body converts into retinol and retinoic acid. Retinol is important for your eyesight, and retinoic acid supports cell growth.
• Lutein is an antioxidant that helps your eyesight.
• Lycopene is an antioxidant that gives fruits and vegetables their red color. Several studies have shown that lycopene reduces the risk of prostate cancer and cardiovascular disease.
• Selenium is a mineral that creates antioxidant enzymes in your body. These enzymes prevent cell damage, stimulate the production of antibodies, and protect your body from toxins.
• Vitamin C protects bones, cartilage, muscles and blood vessels and promotes the absorption of iron.
• Vitamin E protects your cells from free radicals. It supports the formation of red blood cells and aids in the absorption of vitamin K.
Antioxidants from food are, for example, vitamins C and E, selenium or secondary plant compounds such as beta-carotene, OPC (resveratrol), flavonoids, lycopene (in tomatoes), zeaxanthin (spinach, paprika) or allicin (in garlic).
One of the most powerful antioxidants is astaxanthin, which is contained in algae or krill oil. It is said that it should work a lot better than, for example, ß-carotene and even have a much stronger antioxidant effect than vitamin E.
"Red, orange and green" fruits and vegetables such as spinach or grapes (green), tomatoes, apples and carrots (orange) and berries (red) are particularly recommended.
For example, stress or smoke, sunbathing and even breathing cause processes in our body that we call oxidation. So-called free radicals are formed during oxidation. Our body can intercept a certain amount of these aggressive compounds and in this way prevent possible cell damage. Only when free radicals are created in excess can they harm us. Antioxidants help us deal with free radicals. They counteract oxidation processes and can render free radicals harmless.